Saturday, July 9, 2011

Structural Patterns

Pattern1. [Subject + Verb (intransitive)] 
Subject (Noun/Pronoun)
Verb Intransitive
Birds
Fire
The baby
Lila
The bell
The boys
fly.
burns.
sleeps.
is dancing
has rung.
Laughed.


Pattern 2. [Subject + Verb + Complement]
Subject
Verb
Complement
Jon
He
Father
The boy
The curd
is
looks
grew
kept
has turned
a good boy.
sad.
angry.
quiet.
sour.


Pattern 3. [Subject + Verb + Direct Object]
Subject
Verb
Direct Object
we
He
Mike
People
You
Know
takes
has eaten
praised
should help
him.
tea.
rice.
him.
the poor.


Pattern 4. [Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object]
Subject
Verb
Indirect Object
Direct Object
Grand mother
Me. Das
She
I
told
teacher
gave
have asked
me
us
me
her
a story.
English.
a book.
an easy question.


Pattern 5. [Subject + Verb + Object + Complement]
Subject
Verb
Object
Complement
People
We
The sun
The north wind
made
elected
Keeps
hits
him
him
us
them
king.
president.
warm.
hard.

Pattern 6. [Subject + Verb + Adjective]
Subject
Verb
Adverbials
The machine
The boys
the girl
is working
are playing
is reading
Place
Manner
Time
here
there
at home
very well
merrily
with attention
now.
at dawn.
at night.


Pattern 7. [Subject + Verb + Object + Adverbials]
Subject
Verb
Object
Adverbials
We
The fishermen
The man
passed
caught
is eating
our time
a rare fish
food
merrily during
the summer.
accidentally.
hungrily.


Pattern 8. [Subject + Verb + Preposition + Prep. Object]
Subject
Verb
Preposition
Prep. Object
These books
They
His father
I
His sister
We
belong
agreed
met
can't rely
failed
are waiting
to
to
with
on
in
for
me.
our proposal.
an accident.
his help.
the examination.
our friends.


Pattern 9. [Subject + Verb + Object + Prep. Object]
Subject
Verb
Object
Prep.
Prep. Object
I
He
She
Father
Mother
Gave
told
had paid
has bought
made
my pen
the news
the money
a watch
coffee
to
to
to
for
for
my friend.
everybody.
the shop-Keeper.
his daughter.
all of us.


Pattern 10. [Subject + Verb + to-infinitive]
Subject
Verb
to-infinitive
The boy
I                 
He
We
They
wants
hoped
forgot
would like
decided
to go.
to get a first class.
to post the letter.
to visit the zoo.
not to go there.


Pattern 11. [Subject + Verb + Object + to-infinitive]
Subject
Verb
Object
to-infinitive
The teacher
The doctor
The officer
He
I
asked
advised
warned
helped
can't allow
him
the patient
him
me
you
To go.
to sty in bed.
not to be late.
to carry the load.
to smoke.


Pattern 12. [Subject + Verb + Object + Infinitive without to]
Subject
Verb
Object
to-infinitive
I
They
She
We
They
heard
saw
bade
made
found
him
me
him
her
him
sing.
go out.
leave the house.
behave well.
steal the book.

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