Saturday, July 9, 2011

Regular Verbs


The simple tenses
  • The verb forms for I, you, we and they are the same.
  • The verb forms for he, she and it are the same.

The present simple
I look
do I look?
I do not look (don’t look)
he looks
does he look?
he does not look (doesn’t look)

  • When the verb ends in a consonant+-y, the third person singular (he/she/it) is formed by removing the -y and adding -ies (study – studies).
  • When the verb ends in -ch, -sh, -s, -x, -z or -o, the third person singular is formed by adding -es (watch – watches).

The past simple
I looked
did I look?
I did not look (didn’t look)
he looked
did he look?
he did not look (didn’t look)

  • When the verb ends in -e, the past simple is formed by adding -d (care – cared).
  • When the verb ends in a consonant+-y, the past simple is formed by removing the –y and adding -ied (study – studied).
  • When the verb ends in one stressed vowel and one consonant (except wor y), the past simple is usually formed by doubling the consonant and adding -ed (refer – referred). When the verb ends in -l it is doubled in British English even if the vowel is not stressed (travel – travelled (BrE) / traveled (NAmE). (Exceptions to these rules are shown at the verb entries.)
  • When the verb ends in -c, the past simple is formed by adding -ked (picnic – picnicked).

The present perfect have/has + past participle
I have looked (I’ve looked)
have I looked?
I have not looked (haven’t looked)
he has looked (he’s looked)
has he looked?
he has not looked (hasn’t looked)

The past perfect (pluperfect) had + past participle
I had looked (I’d looked)
had I looked?
I had not looked (hadn’t looked)
he had looked (he’d looked)
had he looked?
he had not looked (hadn’t looked)

The future simple will + infinitive
I will look (I’ll look)
will I look?
I will not look (won’t look)
he will look (he’ll look)
will he look?
he will not look (won’t look)

The future perfect will have + past participle
I will have looked
(I’ll have looked)
will I have looked?
I will not have looked (won’t have looked)
he will have looked
(he’ll have looked)
will he have looked?
he will not have looked (won’t have looked)


The conditional would + infinitive
I would look (I’d look)
would I look?
I would not look (wouldn’t look)
he would look (he’d look)
would he look?
he would not look (wouldn’t look)

The conditional perfect would have + past participle
I would have looked
would I have looked?
I would not have looked (wouldn’t have looked)
he would have looked
would he have looked?
he would not have looked (wouldn’t have looked)


The progressive tenses
  • The progressive tenses are sometimes called the continuous tenses.
  • The verb forms for I, you,we and they are the same except for the present progressive and past progressive, where a different form for you is shown with an asterisk (*).
  • The verb forms for he, she and it are the same.
  • When the verb ends in -e, the -ing form is usually formed by removing the -e and adding -ing (care – caring). Exceptions are shown at the relevant verb entries.
  • When the verb ends in one stressed vowel and one consonant (except wor y), the –ing form is formed by doubling the consonant and adding -ing (run – running).

The present progressive am/ is / are + -ing form
I am looking (I’m looking)
am I looking?
I am not looking (I’m not looking)
*you are looking
(you’re looking)
are you looking?
you are not looking (aren’t looking)
he is looking (he’s looking)
is he looking?
he is not looking (isn’t looking)

The past progressive was/were + -ing form
I was looking
was I looking?
I was not looking (wasn’t looking)
you were looking
were you looking?
you were not looking (weren’t looking)
he was looking
was he looking?
he was not looking (wasn’t looking)

The present perfect progressive have been/has been + -ing form
I have been looking
(I’ve been looking)
have I been looking?
I have not been looking (haven’t been looking)
he has been looking
(he’s been looking)
has he been looking?
he has not been looking (hasn’t been looking)

The past perfect progressive (pluperfect progressive) had been + -ing form
I had been looking
(I’d been looking)
had I been looking?
I had not been looking (hadn’t been looking)
he had been looking
(he’d been looking)
had he been looking?
he had not been looking (hadn’t been looking)

The future progressive will be + -ing form
I will be looking
(I’ll be looking)
will I be looking?
I will not be looking (won’t be looking)
he will be looking
(he’ll be looking)
will he be looking?
he will not be looking (won’t be looking)

The future perfect progressive will have been + -ing form
I will have been looking
(I’ll have been looking)
will I have been looking?
I will not have been looking
(won’t have been looking)
he will have been looking
(he’ll have been looking)
will he have been looking?
he will not have been looking
(won’t have been looking)

The conditional progressive would be + -ing form
I would be looking
(I’d be looking)
would I be looking?
I would not be looking (wouldn’t be looking)
he would be looking
(he’d be looking)
would he be looking?
he would not be looking (wouldn’t be looking)

The conditional perfect progressive would have been + -ing form
I would have been looking
would I have been looking?
I would not have been looking
(wouldn’t have been looking)
he would have been looking
would he have been
looking?
he would not have been looking
(wouldn’t have been looking)

Note:
BrE= British English 
NAmE= North American English
Source: Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (Eighth Edition).

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.

Online English Grammar Learning