There are four kinds of Gender:
01.Nouns denoting male animals: Masculine
02.Nouns denoting female animals: Feminine
03. Nouns denoting animals of either sex: Common
04. Nouns denoting things without life: Neuter
A noun that denotes a male animal is said to be of the Masculine Gender.
Examples: Boy, Lion, Hero, Boy-friend.
A noun that denotes a female animal is said to be of the Feminine Gender.
Examples: Girl, Lioness, Heroine, Girl-friend.
A noun that denotes either a male or a female is said to be of the Common Gender.
Examples: Parent, child, baby, infant, friend, people, enemy, thief, servant, cousin, orphan, student, teacher, etc.
A noun that denotes things without life is said to be of Neuter Gender.
Personal masculine/feminine nouns
01. Different forms:
a) boy, girl gentleman, lady son, daughter
bachelor, spinster husband, wife uncle, aunt
bridegroom, bride man, woman widower, widow
baby infant relative
child parent spouse
cousin relation teenager
b) duke, duchess king, queen prince, princess
earl, countess lord, lady
02. The majority of personal nouns have the same from.
artist cook driver guide
assistant dancer doctor etc.
actor, actress host, hostess
conductor, conductress manager manageress
heir, heiress waiter, waitress
Also salesman, saleswoman etc, but sometimes-person is used instead of – man, -woman: salesperson, spokesperson.
03. Domestic animals and many of the larger wild animals have different forms:
bull, cow duck, drake ram, ewe stallion, mare
cock, hen gander, goose stag, doe tiger, tigress
dog, bitch lion, lioness
Others have the same form.