Saturday, July 9, 2011

Adverbs


*An Adverb is a word used to qualify any Part of Speech expects a noun or pronoun. --> J. C. Nesfield.

*An Adverb is a word which modifies the meaning of a Verb, an Adjective or another Adverb. --> Wren & Martin.

Adverb is divided into main three heads, namely:
01. Simple Adverb
Or, Indefinite Adverb
02. Interrogative Adverb
03. Relative Adverb

Simple Adverb or Indefinite Adverb

Definition: The Adverb which modifies a word or a sentence is called a Simple Adverb.

Or, A simple Adverb is a Adverb which modifies a word or a sentence.

Kinds of the Simple Adverb
Again, the Simple Adverb is classified into eight heads, like:
01. Adverb of Time.
02. Adverb of Place.
03. Adverb of Manner.
04. Adverb of Number
Or, Adverb of Frequency.
05. Adverb of Degree
Or, Adverb of Quantity.
06. Adverb of Order.
07. Adverb of Assertion (Affirmation) or Negation.
08. Adverb of Cause (Reason) and Effect.

01. Adverb of Time
Definition: An Adverb of Time denotes (indicates) the time of happening an action or an event.

Or, An Adverb of Time expresses or denotes the time of an action or an event.
Examples:
01. Father will come home tomorrow. (When)
02. We go to our college daily. (When)

02. Adverb of Place
Definition: Adverb of Place denotes or indicates where an action takes place or is done.

Or, Adverb of Place shows or indicates the place of happening of an action or an event.
Examples:
01. Now we are in classroom. (Where)
02. My elder brother lives in London. (Where)

03. Adverb of Manner
Definition: An Adverb of Manner indicates or denotes how a thing is done.

Or, An Adverb of Manner denotes or shows how an action takes place or happens.
Examples:
01. Get ready quickly. (How)
02. The boy is studying hard. (How)

04. Adverb of Number
Definition: An Adverb of Number shows or denotes how many times a thing is done.

Or, An Adverb of Number shows or indicates how many times someone does a thing (or an action or something).
Examples:
01. The bright student always learns his lesson. (How often)
02. I seldom visit his house. (How often)

05.  Adverb of Degree or Adverb of Quantity
Definition: An Adverb of Degree or Quantity shows or denotes how much or to what extent a thing generally happens or takes place.

Or, An Adverb of Degree or Quantity shows or indicates how much someone does a thing (some thing).
Examples:
01. The old man is too tired to speak. (How much)
02. You are partly right. (How much)

06. Adverb of Order
Definition: An Adverb of Order shows or denotes in what order or in what stage an action takes place or happens.

Or, An Adverb of Order indicates or shows what order or position a thing is done.
Examples:
01. She stood second in the last Annual Exam.
02. He is the third boy of the class.

07. Adverb of Assertion (Affirmation) or Negation
Definition: An Adverb of Assertion or Negation shows affirmation or negation, certainly or uncertainly of an action or a thing.

Or, An Adverb of Assertion or Negation is an Adverb which shows affirmation or negation, certainly or uncertainly of an action.
Examples:
01. Perhaps, he will come here.
02. I am indeed foolish.

08. Adverb of Cause (Reason) and Effect
Definition: An Adverb of Cause (Reason) and Effect denotes or shows why an action takes place and what the effect of an action is.

Or, An Adverb of Cause and Effect is an Adverb which denotes why a thing is done or what its effect is.
Examples:
01. He was, ill, therefore he was absent from the class.
02. Teacher taught us how to do it.

  Interrogative Adverb

Definition: The Adverb that is used for asking a question is called an Interrogative Adverb.

Or, An Interrogative Adverb is an Adverb which asks a question in a sentence.

Kinds of the Interrogative Adverb
Interrogatives are divided into seven heads (kinds), like:
i. Interrogative Adverb of Time.
ii. Interrogative Adverb of Place.
iii. Interrogative Adverb of Manner.
iv. Interrogative Adverb of Number.
v. Interrogative Adverb of Quantity or Degree.
vi. Interrogative Adverb of Condition.
vii. Interrogative Adverb of Cause/Reason.

i. Interrogative Adverb of Time:
a. When will you come back?
b. When did you go there?

ii. Interrogative Adverb of Place:
a. Where do you reside in?
b. Where are you going now?

iii. Interrogative Adverb of Manner:
a. How did you do the work?
b. How many mangoes do you want?

iv. Interrogative Adverb of Number:
a. How often do you go there?
b. How often does he visit his house?

v. Interrogative Adverb of Quantity or Degree:
a. How much flour do you need a day?
b. How much salt did you buy?

vi. Interrogative Adverb of Condition:
a. How are you, dear friends?
b. How will you be there?

vii. Interrogative Adverb of Cause/Reason:
a. Why did they do the work?
b. Why don’t you go to college regularly?

Relative Adverb

Definition: The Adverb that comes /sits next to its antecedent and at the same time joins two clauses together is called a Relative Adverb.

Or, A Relative Adverb is an Adverb which sits or comes next to its antecedent and at the same time connects two clauses together.
Examples:
01. We know the office where he works.
02. I know the time when he came here.

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