Saturday, July 9, 2011

Adjective

An Adjective has two uses in a sentence, such as :-
a) Attributive use of Adjective.
b) Predicative use of Adjective.

Attributive use of an Adjective
Definition: When an Adjective sits before a Noun and directly qualifies the same (the Noun) it is known as the Attributive use of an Adjective.
Examples :-
01. Jon is a brilliant student in college.
02. Shakira is a bright girl in the class. 

The Predicative use of an Adjective
Definition: When an Adjective comes after a Finite verb and indirectly qualifies the Noun, it is known as the Predicative use of an Adjective.
Examples :-
01. Computer is very useful.
02. Cancer is very alarming.
Adjective are of main four classes, namely:
a) Adjective of Quality.
b) Adjective of Quantity.
c) Adjective of Number.
d)Adjective of Pronoun.

Adjective of Quality
Definition: An Adjective of Quality denotes the quality or the state of a Noun or a Pronoun.
Quality: Lovely, nice, beautiful, polite, small, big, high, tall, gentle, noble, modest, kind. social, friendly, honest, bright, intelligent, proper, heedful, mindful, attentive, industrious, amiable, laborious, smart, prompt, famous, popular, restless.
Fault: Ugly, bad, evil, dishonest, unsocial, rude, impolite, improper, injustice, illegal, unfriendly, heedless, unmindful, inattentive, etc.
State: Sick, ill, rich, poor, helpless, landless, shelter less, blind, deaf, dumb, happy, unhappy, weak, strong, etc.
Examples:
01. Shakib is a bright student. (Quality)
02. The Chinese are a laborious nation. (Quality)
03. The old man is very ill today. (State)
04.The boy is very restless. (Fault)

Adjective of Quantity
Definition: An Adjective of Quantity denotes or expresses the quantity of a Noun.
Some common Quantities Adjectives:
Some, enough, many, much, more, little, no, none, any, sufficient, great, less, plenty, all, full, vast, less, etc.
Examples:
01. The needy woman needs some food.
02. The poor man wants some rice.

Adjective of Number
Definition: An Adjective of Number is an Adjective or word which denotes the number or order of a Noun or a Pronoun.
Some Adjectives or Number: One, two, three, four, five, six, first, second, third, single, double, treble etc,
Examples:
01. My uncle has one car.
02. I have two pens and ten books.
Numeral Adjective again divided into two parts:
a) Definite Numeral Adjective.
b) Indefinite Numeral Adjective.

Definite Numeral Adjective
Definition: A Definite Numeral Adjective expresses or denotes a definite number or order or time or a person, thing or of an animal.
Examples:
01. We needed only one room.
02. I am the first child of my parents.

Definite Numeral Adjective further subdivided into three parts:
i. Cardinal Numeral Adjective.
ii. Ordinal Numeral Adjective.
iii. Multiplicative Numeral Adjective.

Cardinal Numeral Adjective
Definition: A Cardinal Numeral Adjective denotes or expresses a definite number of a Noun.
Examples:
01. There are six seasons in Bangladesh.
02. There are sixty students in our Class.

Ordinal Numeral Adjective
 Definition: An ordinal Numeral Adjective denotes or expresses the order or position of a Noun or a Pronoun.
Examples:
01. January is the first month of the year.
02. Sunday is the second day of the week.

Multiplicative Numeral Adjective
Definition: A Multiplicative Numeral Adjective  denotes the times of a number of a Noun or a Pronoun.
Examples:
01. Many inconsiderate doctors take double fees from the patients.
02. The overseas students have to pay twofold (double) fees in London.

Indefinite Numeral Adjective
Definition: An Indefinite Numeral Adjective shows (denotes) Indefinite number of a Noun.
Some common Indefinite Numeral Adjectives are as follows: All, some, many, more, enough, sufficient, insufficient, plenty, a lot of, no, any, none, few, a few, less, full, whole, half, certain, lots of, a lot of.
Examples:
01. All men must die.
02. Some students are digging soil in the college garden.
03. There is no man in the field.

Adjective of Pronoun
Definition: The pronoun which comes before a Noun and does the function of an Adjective is called a Pronominal Adjective.
Again, Pronominal Adjectives are of five kinds, namely:
a) Interrogative Adjective.
b) Demonstrative Adjective.
c) Possessive Adjective.
d) Distributive Adjective.
e) Relative Adjective.

Interrogative Adjective
Definition: When an Interrogative Pronoun comes before a Noun and does the function of an Adjective and at the same time asks a question, it is called an Interrogative Adjective.
Or, The Interrogative Pronoun sitting before a Noun and function of an Adjective is known as an Interrogative Adjective.
 Examples:
01. Which books do you like best ?
02. Whose pencil has been lost?
03. What class do you read in?

Demonstrative Adjective
Definition: When a Demonstrative Pronoun comes before a Noun and qualifies it (the Noun). it is known as a Demonstrative Adjective.
Examples:
01. This house belongs to my father.
02. That car belongs to my uncle.

Possessive Adjective
Definition: When a Possessive Pronoun sits / comes before a Noun and qualifies it (the Noun), it is Known as a Possessive Adjective.
Examples:
01. Our teachers are highly qualified and experienced.
02. I will see your parents who are noble.

Distributive Adjective
Definition: When a Distributive Pronoun sits or comes before a Noun and does the function of an Adjective, it is known as a Distributive Adjective.
Examples:
01. Each boy has got a prize.
02. Every mother loves her child.

Relative Adjective
Definition: When a Relative Pronoun (that, which, what) sits before a Noun and does the function of an Adjective, it is Known as a Relative Adjective.
Examples:
01. Father asked me which shirt I liked.
02. It is that book you gave this morning.

Other Adjectives
·         Noun Adjective:
Definition: When a Noun comes before another Noun and qualifies it, it is known as a Noun Adjective.
Examples:
01. We have made our college garden.
02. They have made the school garden.
03. Everyday we read books in the College library.
04. Mara Dona is a famous football player.

**Emphatic Adjective
Or, Emphasizing Adjective:
Definition: The Adjective used with a Noun for the sake of emphasis is called an Emphasizing Adjective.
Examples:
01. We Witnessed the accident with our own eyes.
02. I want this very pen.

**Compound Adjective:
Definition: When a compound word is used as an Adjective before a Noun, it is Known as a Compound Adjective.
Examples:
01. A two-month-long meeting will be held next week.
02. An five-hour-long meeting will be held next week.

**Exclamatory Adjective:
Definition: When 'what' or 'how' is used as an Adjective and denotes a wonder or exclamation in the sentence, it is called an Exclamatory Adjective.
Examples:
01. What an ideal! (Noun)
02. What a Snake! (Noun)

**Proper Adjective:
Definition: An Adjective formed from a Proper Noun is called a Proper Adjective.
Examples:
01. Bangladesh is an Islamic state.
02. This is an American motor car.

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